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Here are a couple of quotes from G.K. Chesterton,
References include How Christ Said the First Mass by Fr. James L. Meagher, The Roman Catechism, and the Douay Rheims Bible.
On Holy Thursday Our Lord Jesus transformed the Passover Meal into the Eucharistic Sacrifice of the New Covenant.
Once Our Lord Jesus and His twelve apostles assembled in the Upper Room, located over the burial-site of the mysterious priest-king Melchesedech, King David, and his son Solomon, He employed the “sacramentals of the Old Law, bread, wine, oil, incense, to institute the Eucharistic Sacrifice” of the New Law (Fr. Meagher, pg. 86).
From Saint Paul’s epistle to the Hebrews, we learn that Melchesdech is “without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life, but likened unto the Son of God, who continues a priest forever” (Hebrews 7; 3).
That Our Savior used the familiar rituals, gestures, and implements did not escape the notice of the apostles who recognized the profound significance of what they were witnessing. Moreover, several of the ancient liturgies of the Catholic Church are attributed to the Apostles Peter, Mark, and James. With the unleavened bread, called Matzoth in His sacred hands, Jesus began the liturgy “by blessing the bread and wine at table;” similarly, a Catholic priest of the Latin-rite with “the Sacred host in his hands breaks the smaller Hosts when distributing Communion” (Fr. Meagher, pg. 90).
That Christ instituted the Sacrifice and Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist at the Last Supper was foretold by the prophets of the Old Testament and the sacrificial Temple liturgies which also prepared for the eternal priesthood of the Catholic Church. Because of the infidelity of the Jews and their rejection of Jesus Christ, “I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will not receive a gift from your hand [i.e. Hebrew priests]… from the rising of the sun even to the going down, my name is great among the Gentiles, and every place there is sacrifice, a clean oblation” (Malachias 1: 10-11). The ‘clean oblation’ prophesied by Malachias is the unbloody, Eucharistic Sacrifice of the New Law.